Is e-mobility the best option?
E-mobility is a better option always for the environment and economic and this has made us more clear because of the coronavirus disease. It has made us think and rethink about new approaches, reasons, visions and missions.
During the lockdown with some great economic loss, we have also witnessed some of the benefits to the environment. We have seen the clear blue skies, clean air as the vehicular pollution levels have fallen down. As transport is said to be a major contributor to air pollution among the other pollutants. It accounts for half of the current global NOX emissions (Nitrogen oxides NO and NO2).
Is e-mobility the best option?
India’s seven major cities are counted in the list of top 10 most polluted megacities in the world. Every year air pollution is rising, India ranks at 3rd position in terms of causing air pollution contributing 6.3% in 2018 whereas China 4.7% and the US by 2.5%. The most polluted cities in the world, 21 out of 30 were in India in 2019. The cities occupied only 3% of the earth’s land but hold two-thirds of the world’s energy demand and 70% of our global GHG emissions.
According to the World Health Organisation (WHO), every nine out of ten people breathe polluted air which results in the death of 7 million people every year by suffering from stroke, lung cancer, and heart disease.
Air pollution has many dangerous effects on life especially on children, up to 14% children age group 5-18 years suffers from asthma and 5,43,000 children below 5 years die every year from respiratory diseases caused from air pollution. It also causes childhood cancers, cognitive impairment in both children and adults, if a pregnant woman is exposed to air pollution the child can suffer from fetal brain growth.
At present transport accounts for 23% of global energy-related greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. This can be eliminated by 2050 if proper measurements and adoption of electric vehicles are done completely. India also aims to become a major electric vehicles market in the next 20 years. But this can be achieved to the full when the government extends its full support in the adoption of the electric vehicles all over the country.
Currently, the support from the government is not sufficient to achieve the said goal. As many EV manufacturers are complaining about the lack of incentives to develop EVs from the government. If proper incentives are provided to them it can help them a lot to achieve the goals.
Internal Combustion engine(ICE) vehicles are heat engines, the exothermic reaction which involves fuel and oxidants. It needs fuel, air and a large number of parts which works together to control the process which can harm much more to the climate. EVs does not require fuels to run hence it does not emit Carbon dioxide (Co2), Nitrogen oxide (NO2), (NOx), nitrogen, sulfur, etc other harmful gases in the atmosphere.
Advantages of technology (electric vehicles) are much cleared that they are clean, air and noise pollution-free. It is the most flexible, energy-efficient and sustainable way to decarbonize the economy.
To get rid, to reduce the emissions rapid action is needed at both global and regional levels. But before that, we can start with the cities that are mostly, highly polluted by transport. Urban cities are highy populated and so is the usage of the vehicles is more. For example, More than 80% of people living in urban areas are exposed to the bad air. In global levels, London is on the top of the list of top 10 global cities, where chances are very high of people die from transport pollution. In India, there are such 21 cities in India that are highly polluted.
Centre for Research on Energy and Clean Air (CREA)
If electric vehicles are adopted in these cities, we can easily reduce the pollution levels from the country. India witnessed C02 emissions reduction first time after 40 years according to a study by the Centre for Research on Energy and Clean Air (CREA) for Carbon Brief. This was possible due to economic slowdown as a result of the coronavirus. The Emissions levels in India fell down by around 15% in March, and about 30% in April.
While talking about the pollution, the cities are witnessing much lower levels of particulate matter (PM 2.5) and nitrogen dioxide, which is released by vehicles and power plants.
According to the Center for Research on Energy and Clean Air (CREA), the average concentrations of PM 2.5, which is hazardous to health in high concentrations have decreased from 91 micrograms per cubic meter on March 20 to 26 micrograms per cubic meter on March 27.
World Health Organization (WHO)
As per the World Health Organization (WHO) concentration below 25 micrograms per cubic meter is safe. There is also a drop in the nitrogen oxide levels which is said to contribute smog and acid rain. It has dropped by 45% since march in the most polluted cities Mumbai and Pune.
Lars Peter Riishojgaard, from the infrastructure department of the World Meteorological Organization (WMO), stated, “While in the short term, carbon dioxide emissions would go down as cars stay put and aircraft remain on the ground, we expect the impact will be fairly short-lived,”
“The pandemic will be over at some point and the world will start going back to work and with that, the CO2 emissions will pick up again, maybe or maybe not to quite the same level.”
Hence, now we can confidently say that e-mobility is the best option to choose for our environment. Electric vehicles are not only best for the environment but are also best on the economic side too. Stay updated on electricvehicles.in, we will be bringing in detail information about the electric vehicles economic side too.
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