Roles & responsibilities of govt stakeholders for EV charging
The government bodies at the center, state and local levels are responsible for the governance of EV charging. The roles played by these bodies are such as policy-making and regulatory functions, and executive or implementing functions. Here in this article let us now discuss in detail the roles & responsibilities of govt stakeholders of EV charging from the EV charging infrastructure implementation handbook released by NITI Aayog.
The government bodies are responsible for forming the policies, regulations and establishing standards and specifications for EV charging infrastructure. For the implementation of charging infrastructure supply of electricity is the most important thing. Since electricity being a subject on the Concurrent List of the Constitution, both central and state-level bodies are involved in regulating electricity supply for EV charging.
Govt stakeholders for EV charging
The Ministry of Power (MoP) issued the Charging Infrastructure Guidelines and Standards for public charging infrastructure, which were laid out to enable framework for implementation. The State Electrical Regulatory Commissions (SERCs) set the EV tariff and other regulations concerning electricity supply for EV charging.
Another important parameter for setting up EV charging is the provision of land or parking spaces to locate charging facilities. Land and urban development are mandates of state governments, with urban development further devolved to municipal corporations in many regions. Apart from land and electricity supply, EV charging standards are defined by the Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS), the standards-making body of the country.
2 agencies responsible for EV public charging infrastructure implementation
- Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE)
- Department of Heavy Industry (DHI)
Under the Ministry of Power’s direction states have nominated state nodal agencies (SNAs) to govern the implementation of public charging. The State Nodal Agency is mandated to select implementing agencies to install, operate and maintain public charging stations and battery swapping/ charging facilities in the state.
State electricity distribution companies (DISCOMs) are the SNAs DISCOMs and urban local bodies (ULBs) are responsible for planning, permissions, approvals, and certifications needed for EV charging infrastructure at local levels. The important stakeholders in planning for public charging infrastructure are the state and regional transport authorities (RTAs).
The state nodal agencies, Urban development authorities/Municipal corporations, DISCOMs, Transport departments, State transport undertakings, Metro rail corporations, other PSUs need to work closely together in enabling seamless charging infrastructure provision.
Working group for public EV charging infrastructure
A working group for EV charging infrastructure can support the necessary coordination between different government agencies. The Nodal officers for EV charging should be assigned within ULBs and DISCOMs to lead the implementation processes.
The ‘Working Group for Accelerated Rollout of Charging Infrastructure in Delhi’ was formed in 2019 by the Department of Power of the Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi (GNCTD) to support timely coordination between different government agencies in implementing the strategy for setting up charging infrastructure for EVs in Delhi.
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