Electric Vehicles (EVs) market is growing in India with the support of the government and its initiatives such as incentives. Since a few years, we have seen many EVs policies and EV related announcements by the government. Let us look at the Electric Vehicles Needs, Reasons & Challenges.
Electric Vehicles Needs, Reasons & Challenges in India
Few automakers have also not stayed behind, even they had taken the risk of manufacturing the EVs in the country. In spite of a lot of hurdles coming in between such as lack of charging infrastructure, cost, range anxiety of customers, etc. The strong commitment of government and few automakers brought the EV journey till here.
Government efforts to bring in EVs in the country
Right from the National Electric Mobility Mission Plan (NEMMP) in 2012 established for the promotion of EVs and hybrid vehicles. After the FAME Scheme established in 2015 and is continuing still and is in its second phase promoting and encouraging the Electric and Hybrid vehicles in the country.
In 2017, the National Institution for Transforming India carved the vision of the eco-mobility in India.
In 2018, the Ministry of Power launched the new National Electric Mobility Programme focuses to create charging infrastructure and policy to achieve the goal of more than 30% EVs by 2030. Energy Efficiency Services Limited (EESL) implemented the program.
As an encouragement for the adoption of EVs, the government and its agencies replaced their cars by an electric one. Total numbers used by the government and its agencies may be counted as 500,000. The cars are from the popular Indian companies Mahindra and Tata’s Mahindra e-Verito and the Tata Tigor EV.
As we can see there is rapid development in the EVs industry in India. The demand has been reached almost 8 times more since 1980 (which is much in any Asian economy according to the data world bank cited by NITI Aayog.
EVs needs for India
- The demand for energy and transport has been increased in urban.
- The advanced battery technology leads to a higher amount of energy densities, fast charging, and reduction in battery degradation.
- High amounts of oil imports in the country ensures energy security using alternate energy sources.
- Public transportations like buses and autorickshaws need to be transformed to e-vehicles as half of the population uses it in India.
EVs reasons in India
As the growth of the electric vehicle is taking place slowly but steadily around the world. The reasons here are the slow growth of EVs.
The reasons can be included as the Range, charging time, Price of an EV, lack of charging infrastructure, government incentives, fear of new technology, limited life of batteries and lack of advertisements on television.
To read in detail click here reasons
EVs challenges in India
- Creating an EV charging infrastructure
- Lack of skilled workers
- Lack of local reserves such as lithium-ion and cobalt
- High-cost battery
- Competition with other ICE vehicles
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