Electric bus revolution
Road transportation is an important part of our everyday lives including autos and buses. They are also a great contributor to air pollution which results in poor air quality. Public transportation is used by almost more than half of the population, so the shift of buses to sustainable mobility is much important. The governments and the major manufacturers have already started to provide incentives and manufacturing eco-friendly buses. Let us further discuss about Electric bus revolution.
Frost & Sullivan recently analysed that the growing adoption of electric transit buses, driven by pro-green government policies, has enabled global sourcing and supply chain for alternate powertrain buses. The total electric bus market including, hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs), plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs), battery electric vehicles (BEVs), and fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEVs), is projected to increase 211,000 units by 2030 at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 13.9 per cent.
Not only the government but manufacturers also bringing in EVs for the growth of electric vehicles. For example, Hyundai Motor Company will work with bus operators in Munich, Germany, over the coming weeks to run trials of the company’s hydrogen-powered electric city Fuel Cell bus. The bus is equipped with a 180kW high-capacity hydrogen fuel cell system, made up of two 90kW fuel cell stacks and with five hydrogen tanks storing 34kg of hydrogen in its roof, the bus has a 500km range.
Global electric bus market sales
Facts and Factors new research report says the global electric bus market sales were estimated at 135 thousand units in 2019 and is expected to reach 600 thousand units by 2026. The global electric bus market is expected to grow at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 25% from 2020 to 2026.
School bus electrification
The Biden administration announced its support for a bipartisan infrastructure deal totalling $1.2 trillion. The framework for the deal includes $7.5 billion to help replace thousands of diesel-powered school and transit buses with electric models.
This is an important step in supporting school bus electrification. Electric school buses are a worthy investment. There are roughly 480,000 school buses being used for school transportation in the United States more than twice the size of all other modes of mass transit combined.
These buses travel a total of nearly 3.5 billion miles each year, and nearly 95 per cent of them run on diesel fuel. As a result, replacing more of these buses with electric models can substantially reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, nearly one-third of which come from transportation. Under the plan outlined by the White House, electric bus initiatives would receive $7.5 billion in funding.
Center for Transportation and Environment (CTE)
According to the Center for Transportation and Environment (CTE), of the country’s roughly 70,000 transit buses, only around 2% are currently zero-emission.
Electric bus manufacturers initiative and progress
BYD, a top electric bus manufacturer has introduced its latest innovation battery-electric Type D school bus with top-priority safety features, superior performance capabilities, and a sleek design. The Type D can seat up to 84 passengers and has a range of up to 155 miles on a single charge. It reduces fuel costs by as much as 60% compared to diesel vehicles. BYD’s smart technology enables bi-directional charging so the e-bus can be charged overnight when the demand is low.
NFI Group Inc
NFI Group Inc a leading independent bus and coach manufacturer, a leading leader in electric mass mobility announced that the BYD UK and Alexander Dennis Limited has supplied four zero-emission BYD ADL Enviro400EV double-deck buses to Lothian Buses in Edinburgh. It is funded as a flagship project of SP Energy Networks’ £20m Green Economy Fund.
Rock Region Metropolitan Transit Authority- FTA Low- or No-Emission Grant Program
The Rock Region Metro in central Arkansas was awarded $4,900,000 to buy to purchase up to five 40-foot battery-electric buses (BEBs) and related battery charging infrastructure as part of the FTA’s ( Federal Transit Administration) or no emission grant program.
A total of 49 projects across the country were awarded a share of $182 million in funding through the 2021 FTA Low- or No-Emission Grant program, which supports transit agencies in purchasing or leasing low- or no-emission buses and other transit vehicles.
The Maharashtra environment minister Aaditya Thackeray visited BEST headquarters to push for the new campaign for ebills which will save over 2000 trees being cut. He said it should not just promote ebills but procure more electric and eco-friendly buses in the fleet and replace those on diesel. The BEST general manager said that BEST’s Go Green initiative will be popularised through SMS sent to 10.5 lakh consumers in the island city.
Pune Mahanagar Parivahan Mahamandal Limited
The Pune Mahanagar Parivahan Mahamandal Limited (PMPML) will procure 450 new midi electric buses by this year-end and around 300 of them will be used for a feeder system for the upcoming Pune Metro Project. The Pune centre is approving additional procurement of e-buses under the faster adoption and manufacturing of electric buses in India under the FAME II scheme for nine cities including Pune.
Indian electric bus market
The Indian electric bus market is expected to reach 7,187 units by 2025 and a CAGR of 53.0% during 2018-2025. The environmental concerns and growing air pollutions in the states have made the government implement strict control regulations on emissions.
There are 6 big manufacturers in the current Indian electric bus market such as Tata Motors, Olectra-BYD, Foton PMI, JBM Solaris and VECV. It has attracted global investors as well. According to JMK Research, the Electric bus market growth is fuelled by more than US$1 billion worth of investment deals forged in the past few years.
India could add 6,490 Electric buses in the next two years around 1850 units in FY2020-21 and 4640 in FY2021-22. It has added 1,031 Electric buses in March 2020 and 600 in FY2019-20, 400 in FY2018-19, and 31 in FY2017-18. If electric buses are used as much as possible especially in the public transportation segment it can reduce most of the emission levels in the countries.
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